Diskussion über Themen der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit (EZ) in/mit Westafrika einschließlich (und vor allem) der politischen sowie sozio-ökonomischen Bedingungen in den Ländern und was EZ bewirken kann -- oder auch nicht -- oder ob sie aber nicht sogar schadet. ACHTUNG: In Ermangelung von Kommentaren lediglich Beiträge zu EZ-Themen. _________________________________________________________________

17. April 2007

Jia Qinglin beginnt Afrika-Reise

Der Vorsitzende des Landeskomitees der Politischen Konsultativkonferenz des Chinesischen Volks, Jia Qinglin, ist am Sonntag zu einer Afrika-Reise aufgebrochen. Er wird Tunesien, Ghana, Zimbabwe und Kenia einen Staatsbesuch abstatten.

Anfang des Jahres hatte Chinas Staatspräsident Hu Jintao bereits einige afrikanische Staaten besucht. Jia Qinglins Reise ist daher die zweite Afrika-Reise eines chinesischen Spitzenpolitikers in diesem Jahr.

(CRI, 16. April 2007)

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5. April 2007

Wer Afrika helfen will, darf kein Geld geben

James Shikwati gehört zu den wenigen Marktliberalen in Afrika. Der 36 Jahre alte Shikwati hat vor sechs Jahren in Nairobi das Institut „Inter Region Economic Network“, kurz Iren, gegründet. Mit der Denkfabrik wirbt der ehemalige Lehrer für eine freiheitliche Wirtschaftsordnung in Afrika. Ausländische Entwicklungshilfe lehnt Shikwati ab.

Herr Shikwati, was ist schlecht an ausländischer Entwicklungshilfe?

Der Begriff Entwicklungshilfe geht am Kern der Sache vorbei. Wer einem anderen hilft, will die Lage des anderen verbessern. Diejenigen, die sogenannte Entwicklungshilfe leisten, verfolgen aber ihre eigenen Interessen. Es geht um Arbeitsplätze für Entwicklungshelfer, und es geht um politischen Einfluss und um Rohstoffe. China ist ein gutes Beispiel. In Afrika stellt China Schecks aus wie kein anderes Land. Das ist der Grund, warum eine Reihe anderer Staaten afrikanische Länder nun geradezu anbetteln, Entwicklungshilfe anzunehmen. Es ist wie ein Wettbewerb zwischen den Geberstaaten, die ihren Einfluss bewahren wollen. Im Gegensatz zu den westlichen Staaten verdeckt China seine Interessen aber nicht mit schönen Worten wie Demokratie oder gute Regierungsführung. China sagt geradeheraus: Wir wollen euer Öl, hier ist das Geld. Chinas Direktheit hat geholfen, das ganze Fiasko der Entwicklungshilfe offenzulegen.

» Zum vollständigen Interview im FAZ.NET

Lamentations of an American Peace Corps In Ghana

Hier zeigt sich einmal mehr sehr gut, aus afrikanischem Mund, dass es nicht um technische Hilfe geht, sondern um "social engeneering", von mir aus auch um "political engeneering". Das trifft auch sehr gut für die gegenwärtige Energiekrise zu. Denn Mangel an Zusammenarbeit auf höchster Ebene (einschl. der Vorgängerregierung) ist auch hier der eigentliche Grund der Misere. Der Widerspruch ist allerdings, dass dieses social und/oder political engeneering von Kulturfremden geschehen soll.

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We have heard the lamentations of missionaries to Africa since the days of Mungo Park and Stevenson dying of malaria in Africa, and not much have changed if you examine life and events carefully, despite the World Bank and IMF accolades that Ghana is doing well. We all know it’s a charade as loans are piling up and the government still cannot deliver basic water, electricity and sewage services to the people. A very large percentage of our people don’t have water (more than 70%) and latrine pit toilets – the one with the big flies – are still being used in Ghana.

Kirstin Green writing you from Ghana, where 1.72 of 2.16 years in service have miraculously flown by. I have been working on getting funding to build a much-needed latrine in my community, Kumawu. Population 10,000 people, with no source of water at all. There are no flush toilets there, and worse, not too many public or private pit latrines for people to use. In the Zongo, or Muslim community, where I live, people are "freeing themselves" in the bush every day. There is a small building that has been in disrepair for years, where people are expected to defecate into buckets that have to be emptied into a large pit right behind the building. There are a lot of sanitation problems in this area: mainly parasitic worms, flies, and diseases that are transmitted by feces to mouth, like diarrhea (don't laugh, it's easier than you think to eat someone else's feces!) » Read entire article


Dear Kirstin,

Your message has touched me, but instead of lamenting on such matters, I believe what a person like you can do most to help the poor in Kumawu, and other areas we hear and know in the impoverished parts of the world, is to teach them the concepts of working together, concepts of leadership and modern forms of democracy and accountability.

Decentralization and local empowerment is stipulated in the 1992 Ghana constitution. These people of Kumawu have a District Chief Executive, an Assemblyman, as well as a Chief of the town. These people are the leaders in the community, and they have the mandate to design a budget, assign some taxes for citizens, owners of businesses, homes, vehicle and other assets, to pay to provide services to their area towns.

It is extremely important that C hristian missionaries and Peace Corp volunteers like yourself learn that helping people to help themselves is better than the Bible-carrying and non-self sustaining help they have offered over the centuries. The world of trade now has open borders, due to the dictates of the Western donors for these poor nations to open their doors to global competition. And yet the poor have no way of competing. If you want to help them, please teach them. Please go to the DCE and the Assemblyman and show them how a simple budget can be designed and shown them the power of working together if every one of the 10,000 people and perhaps 1,000 or more homes in the town pays a small amount of money, how they can provide not only toilets with a well to supply water to drink and flush their toilets, but also decent sanitation, perhaps a small clinic, other services to allow them to live more healthy lives.

Kirstin, these people are not stupid, and many of them have some basic education. They just have no concept of how to work together, how to do some basic things. The best we can, as missionaries, is to help them see the right way to do things and work collectively together to solve their problems. If you have access to a Computer, show them how to do a budget using Excel™ Spreadsheet for example, and they will thank you and be grateful to you forever.

For your information a group of us have transformed a missionary NGO organization into a certified political party originating from the Diaspora. We have received our certificate as a political party now as of February 20, 2007. We are doing this in a similar way as the missionaries did, except that instead of the Bible, we are using a Business calculator and asking people to select leaders who will serve them and retire the old greedy selfish politicians who do not care for the peoples’ welfare. After a man reads the Bible, he has to provide food to the table and that is what we are trying to help our people to do, to select the right leaders in their communities, create jobs and compete in the world and build a better nation. We are simply acting as political missionaries to teach our people the concepts of democracy and self empowerment.

You may contact us through our office at 021-411-973 (Ofori Ampofo - Chairman) or email me at k.danso@comcast.net

Keep in touch and we wish you all the best as you attempt to teach the people in Kumawu.

Kwaku A. Danso, M. Eng, PhD (Organization & Management)
Political Missionary, Ghana National Party
Fremont, California and East Legon/Accra, Ghana

1. April 2007

Reverse foreign aid, it benefits rich over poor

by Tina Rosenberg*

For the last 10 years, people in China have been sending me money. I also get money from countries in Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa, really, from every poor country. I'm not the only one who's so lucky. Everyone in a wealthy nation has become the beneficiary of the generous subsidies that poorer countries bestow upon rich ones. Here in the US, this welfare program in reverse allows our government to spend wildly without runaway inflation, keeps many American businesses afloat and even provides medical care in parts of the country where doctors are scarce.

Economic theory holds that money should flow downhill. The North should want to sink its capital into the South, the developing world, which some define as all countries but the 29 wealthiest. According to this model, money both does well and does good : investors get a higher return than they could get in their own mature economies, and poor countries get the capital they need to get richer. Increasing the transfer of capital from rich nations to poorer ones is often listed as one justification for economic globalization.

Historically, the global balance sheet has favored poor countries. But with the advent of globalized markets, capital began to move in the other direction, and the South now exports capital to the North, at a skyrocketing rate. According to the United Nations, in 2006 the net transfer of capital from poorer countries to rich ones was $784 billion, up from $229 billion in 2002. (In 1997, the balance was even.) Even the poorest countries, like those in sub-Saharan Africa, are now money exporters.

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